Download Kaplan medEssentials for the USMLE Step 1 4th Edition PDF Free [Direct Link]
The medEssentials review book, structured by organ system and in a compact, concise fashion, presents the most relevant and important basic medical principles with reference charts and corresponding images. Our design allows a unique level of integration between the disciplines. For example, rather than sequentially reviewing each discipline within an organ system (anatomy, physiology, pathology, and pharmacology), the book integrates important information across various disciplines for a given subtopic in one place sometimes on a single page. This way of reviewing allows you to obtain a complete, comprehensive understanding of any given topic.
The first section of the book (General Principles) covers the general principles of pathology, pharmacology, physiology, behavioral science, biostatistics, biochemistry, molecular biology, cell biology, genetics, microbiology, immunology, embryology, and histology. These subjects precede the organ system chapters and serve as a comprehensive foundation for the organ-specific facts that follow.
The second section of the book features the following organ systems: cardiovascular; respiratory; renal and urinary; hematologic and lymphoreticular; nervous; musculoskeletal, skin and connective tissue; gastrointestinal; endocrine; and reproductive. Each chapter includes high-yield information from the disciplines corresponding to the basic science courses taken during the first two years of medical school. Each organ system is viewed from histologic, embryologic, physiologic, pathologic, and pharmacologic perspectives.
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Effective study techniques for medical school and ultimately for the board exams are about making choices. At each stage of your medical career, you need to choose study strategies that will lead you to success.
Many medical students fear that not knowing all of the details may affect their clinical performance. It is natural to feel this way, but rest assured: Your ability to treat patients in these coming years will grow from mastery of concepts and by practicing your clinical skills. Your “clinical eye” will grow in time. Understanding basic mechanisms and key principles is crucial to developing the ability to apply what you know to real patients.
One of the most effective strategies for studying the basic sciences is to apply the medical concepts you have learned to your imagined, future patients. For example, when studying muscle groups in anatomy, imagine yourself as a surgeon and how you would find the structures of interest. In physiology, imagine a patient asking you about cortisol, what it is and what it does. Practice explaining to a patient the biochemical differences between lipids, how they differ, and what this means medically. By doing so, you are simplifying the concepts, making them more memorable and clinically relevant; you are learning actively.
Active use of the material that you learn increases retention and facilitates recall. Repetition makes memories. Each instance of recall produces a new memory trace, linking concepts and increasing the chance of recall in the future. Recall actually changes neuronal structures. To be truly useful, a piece of information needs to be triangulated, connected to a number of other concepts, or better yet, experienced. In other words, mere memorization is not your goal, but rather the ability to process and apply that information in a fully integrated manner.
Rereading textbooks from cover to cover and underlining—yet again, in a different color—every line on every page is not an efficient way to learn. You need to focus on the material most likely to be on your exams and on the material that is considered high-yield.
Begin your studies by following this simple outline:
• Start every study session with a list of specific goals.
• Make your notes richer by color-highlighting, adding notes to the diagrams, and re-summarizing what you have learned. This is your book; personalize it to get the most out of it.
• After reviewing your intended subject for the session, imagine how you’d teach the same concepts to someone else.
Using medEssentials: High-Yield USMLETM Step 1
1. Learn the basic definitions and concepts central to each discipline (Section I: General Principles). The book provides the core vocabulary to understand the content of those disciplines. Terms and definitions are learned by the use of associational memory.
2. Learn central concepts for each of the subject areas and how they integrate within an organ system (Section II: Organ System). Integration of concepts and disciplines within each major organ system is the key to success in both medical school and licensing exams. Your basic mental task here is reconstructive memory, learning to recall the concepts in terms of how things fit together within an organ system. At this stage, patterns begin to emerge. The diagrams, tables, and pictures in this book are specifically designed for this stage of learning.
3. Engage in active learning by applying the concepts to scenarios, clinical settings, and mini-case presentations. This is the hardest stage of preparation, and one that most students neglect. Your task at this level is reasoning, comprehension, and deduction.